In warm countries the primary aim of Air-conditioning is to bring the temperature down within the conditioned space. We know that temperature can be brought down by removing heat, and Air-conditioning systems are employed to pump out this heat from within the space.
It is important to select the right Air-conditioning equipment to do the job. A system that is too large for the requirement would not only cost more, but also be a waste of capacity. On the other hand, a system with low capacity would not be able to satisfy the comfort needs of the occupants. Further, being of low capacity, the system would have to run for a longer time thereby being prone to abnormal wear and tear.
It stands to reason therefore, that in order to select the equipment of the right capacity, one must know the quantity of heat that is to be removed from the conditioned space. This ‘quantity of heat’ is calculated using certain formulae and this process is referred to as Heat Load Estimation.
The heat within the space comes from various sources both external and internal. The sun brings in external heat into the space through the walls, roof and glazing. Fresh air brought into the conditioned space from outside, contributes substantially to the heat load. The internal heat comes from electrical equipment, machinery, lighting and from the occupants themselves.